Alopecia areata is a disease characterized by hair that falls out in large clumps or patches. It occurs when the hair follicles are attacked by the immune system which then leads to drastic hair loss.

Alopecia affects hair on the scalp as well as other parts of the body. Although it’s rare for alopecia to result in complete hair loss, this condition can inhibit future hair growth. In the event that hair does grow back, it’s more prone to falling out again. The severity of hair loss will vary from one person to another.

Causes of Alopecia

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, wherein the immune system thinks that healthy cells are actually foreign invaders that it needs to fight against.

Real examples of foreign invaders that your immune system protects you from are bacteria and viruses. But in the case of alopecia areata, the immune system attacks hair follicles.

The exact cause of alopecia is unknown since researchers still aren’t sure what causes the immune system to attack follicles. However, alopecia cases are associated with other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, thyroid disease, or type 1 diabetes. This is because alopecia most often occurs in people who have a family history of these conditions. Additionally, this has caused scientists to think that genetics plays a role in the occurrence of alopecia.


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Symptoms of Alopecia

Hair loss is the primary symptom of alopecia. People with alopecia may notice hair falling out in round patches from the scalp. Hair loss may also affect other parts of the body. Initially, clumps of hair may be noticed on pillows or in the shower.

In rare cases of alopecia, some people notice more severe hair loss which can be a sign of other forms of alopecia such as alopecia universalis (hair loss on the entire body), or alopecia totalis (complete hair loss on the scalp).

Alopecia Treatment

There is no known cure for alopecia, but there are some things that you can do to help hair grow back. Treatments are focused on hair regrowth.

Hair Growth Shampoo & Conditioner

Using the right shampoo and conditioner can significantly improve hair growth in people who have alopecia. This is because hair growth shampoo and conditioners are specially formulated with ingredients that stimulate hair growth at the root and follicles such as coconut oil, jojoba, caffeine, biotin, keratin, argan oil, and much more.


There are many kinds of medications prescribed to treat alopecia, although they aren’t as effective when taken on their own. These medications should be part of a holistic hair care regimen for better results. Some of the common conventional medicines used for alopecia include corticosteroids, Minoxidil, and anthralin.

Hair Growth Vitamins

If you’re having a difficult time eating healthy, or just need a little boost, taking hair growth vitamins can help. Hair growth vitamins contain the necessary vitamins and minerals that the body needs to correct deficiencies leading to hair loss, such as alopecia.


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